Popular Culture in 20th Century North America
Spring 2016 – Harvard University
Tuesdays, 13:00-15:00, CGIS S003
Instructor: Sean Graham
Office: 1727 Cambridge St. E202
Office Hours: Tuesdays 15:00-16:30 or by appointment
This conference course examines popular culture in Canada and the United States through the twentieth century and the ways in which the two nations have engaged in cultural exchange. A dominant force in twentieth century society, this course will explore the continental environment in which popular culture has developed. Students will examine the dominant national historiography in both countries while also exploring the emerging continentalist literature. Students will have the opportunity to engage with primary materials such as films, television programs, and music in order to assess the content of popular culture through the period under study.
All materials available online
Music Analysis 15%
Film Analysis 15%
Television/Literature Analysis 15%
Term Paper 35%
A successful discussion depends upon the participation of everyone. Therefore, you must read the assigned articles and come prepared to engage in a thoughtful/analytical discussion. The grade will be determined not only by the quantity of your contribution, but also on its quality.
All students are permitted to miss one class without penalty. Please note that this does not apply to classes where an assignment is due. All other missed classes without proper documentation will result in a loss of grades. If you must miss another class, please speak with me in advance and it may be possible to make alternative arrangements to cover the class material.
Each week you must submit a question related to the readings prior to class. Questions should be open ended (i.e. no ‘yes’ or ‘no’ questions) and can be related to any or all of the readings. Questions must be sent to me by email no later than an hour before the start of class. All questions will be incorporated into the class discussion.
Music Analysis (15%) – Due February 16
You must analyze a particular song or album as a primary source. The analysis must examine what the item under study can tell us about popular culture and the nature of cultural exchange in the twentieth century. For instance, you can pick a piece that resonated with audiences throughout North America and assess why it was so popular. Alternatively, you can select something that was only popular in one country and examine why it was not successful in both. In doing so you are to examine the piece as a window through which we can view the past and consider its role as a primary source.
You will be graded on your analytic skills as well as the quality of the prose. The analysis should be 3-4 pages.
Film Analysis (15%) – Due March 22
You must review a film from the 20th from the perspective of a newspaper critic at the time of the film’s release. The review should include your subjective assessment of the piece’s artistic merits, while also situating it within the cultural context of the period in which it was created. For example, a review of Mr. Smith Goes to Washington would include a discussion of the increasing lack of confidence Americans had in their government and corporations towards the end of the 1930s.
The film you choose to review will determine the time in which you writing, but you are free to choose your location. It is critical that you make it clear the location from which the piece is being written as this will have an impact on the reaction to the film.
Some questions to consider include: Why is it significant? How does it reflect the period in which it was created? What was the audiences’ reaction? Why did they react in that way?
While this is to be written as a first-person period piece, you are expected to do some research using secondary sources to help identify the significance of the item you are reviewing.
You will be graded on the quality of the writing (grammar, structure, style) as well as your ability to analyze the piece under review and assess its cultural significance. The review should be 3-4 pages.
Television Analysis (15%) – Due April 19
For this assignment you must compare and contrast two television programs, one Canadian and one American. You must select programs of the same genre and from the same era – for instance, an episode of Street Legal and an early Law & Order episode. In analyzing the episodes, think about the differences between the two and what might account for those differences. How do the shows try to reach their audiences? Are their stylistic differences? Writing styles differences? Acting differences? You should also consider the networks on which the programs aired, in particular whether they were public or private.
You will be graded on your analysis of the two shows as well as your style, structure, and grammar. The piece should be 5 pages.
Final Project (35%) – Due May 9
Your final project can take on any form, but must include extensive use of the course’s primary sources. Through an examination of primary materials, you must explore and examine a major theme in the history of North American popular culture. This can be in the form of a film, song, podcast, walking tour, website, term paper, etc. Before starting your project, please talk to me about your idea to ensure it is suitable for this assignment. Along with your project, you must also submit a bibliography.
Late assignments will not be accepted.
Accommodations for Students with Disabilities
Students needing academic adjustments or accommodations because of a documents disability must present their Faculty Letter from the Accessible Education Office (AEO) and speak with the professor by the end of the second week of the term (September 10). Failure to do so may result in the Course Head’s inability to respond in a timely manner. All discussions will remain confidential, although Faculty are invited to contact AEO to discuss appropriate implementation.
Collaboration Policy: All material submitted to meet course requirements is expected to be your own work. You are encouraged to consult with one another on your choice of paper topics, and you may also share library resources. You may find it useful to discuss your chosen topic with your peers, particularly if you are working on the same topic as someone else, but you should ensure that the assignments you submit for evaluation are the result of your own research and reflects your own approach to the topic. You must also use standard citation practices and properly cite all materials that you use to prepare your work. If you submit work for more than one course, dual submission must be approved in advance by all the instructors involved.
Harvard College Honor Code: Members of the Harvard College community commit themselves to producing academic work of integrity – that is, work that adheres to the scholarly and intellectual standards of accurate attribution of sources, appropriate collection and use of data, and transparent acknowledgement of the contribution of others to their ideas, discoveries, interpretations, and conclusions. Cheating on exams or problem sets, plagiarizing or misrepresenting the ideas or language of someone else as one’s own, falsifying data, or any other instance of academic dishonesty violates the standards of our community, as well as the standards of the wider world of learning and affairs.
Week 1 – January 26
Course Overview/What is Popular Culture?
Week 2 – February 2
Culture as a Primary Source
Carmen, Emily. “That’s Not All, Folks!” Moving Image 14 no. 1 (2014): 30-48.
Cohn, William H. “Popular Culture and Social History.” Journal of Popular Culture 11 no. 1 (1977): 167-179.
Dunaway, David. “Radio and the Public Use of History.” Public Historian 6 no. 2 (1984): 77-90.
Iacobelli, Teresa. “A Participant’s History?: The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation and the Manipulation of Oral History.” Oral History Review 38 no. 2 (2011): 331-348.
Gillette, Howard. “Film as Artifact: ‘The City’ (1939).” American Studies 18 no. 2 (1977): 71-85.
Howard, John B. “The Eda Kuhn Loeb Music Library at Harvard University.” Library Quarterly 64 no. 2 (1994): 163-176.
Marini, Stephen. “Hymnody as History: Early Evangelical Hymns and the Recovery of American Popular Region.” Church History 71 no. 2 (2002): 273-306.
Rath, Richard Cullen. “Hearing American History.” Journal of American History 95 (September 2008): 417-431.
Singleton, Gregory H. “Popular Culture or the Culture of the Populace?” Journal of Popular Culture 11 no. 1 (1977): 254-266.
Smith, Mark M. “Producing Sense, Consuming Sense: Perils and Prospects for Sensory History.” Journal of Social History 40 no. 4 (2007): 841-858.
Weinstein, Paul B. “Movies as the Gateway to History: The History and Film Project.” History Teacher 35 no. 1 (2001): 27-48.
Week 3 – February 9
Quest for a ‘National’ Voice
Addison, Heather. “Capitalizing Their Charms: Cinema Stars and Physical Culture in the 1920s.” Velvet Light Trap: A Critical Journal of Film & Television 50 (2002): 15-35.
Ferguson, Marjorie. “Invisible Divides: Communication and Identity in Canada and the U.S.” Journal of Communication 43 no. 2 (June 1993): 42-57.
Greenfield, Mary C. “‘The Game of One Hundred Intelligences’: Mahjong, Materials, and the Marketing of the Asian Exotic in the 1920s.” Pacific Historical Review 79 no. 3 (2010): 329-359.
Lorenz, Stacy. “‘Bowing Down to Babe Ruth’: Major League Baseball and Canadian Popular Culture, 1920-1929.” Canadian Journal of History of Sport 26 no. 1 (1995): 22-39.
Morey, Carl. “Nationalism and Commerce: Canadian Folk Music in the 1920s.” Canadian Issues/Thèmes Canadiens 20 (1998): 34-44.
Nicholas, Jane. “‘A Figure of a nude woman’: Art, Popular Culture, and Modernity at the Canadian National Exhibition, 1927.” Social History/Histoire Sociale 41 no. 82 (2008): 313-344.
Slowinska, Maria A. “Consuming Illusion, Illusions of Consumability: American Movie Palaces of the 1920s.” Amerikastudien 50 no. 4 (2005): 575-601.
Taylor, Timonthy D. “Music and the Rise of Radio in 1920s America: Technological Imperialism, Socialization, and the Transformation of Intimacy.” Historical Journal of Film, Radio & Television 22 no. 4 (2002): 425-443.
Vipond, Mary. “Canadian Nationalism and the Plight of Canadian Magazines in the 1920s.” Canadian Historical Review 58 no. 1 (1977): 43-63.
Week 4 – February 16 – Music Analysis Due
Prohibition Crosses the Border
Hamill, Sarah E. “Prohibition Plebiscites on the Prairies: (Not-So) Direct Legislation and Liquor Control in Alberta, 1915-1932.” Law & History Review 33 no. 2 (2015): 377-410.
Hunter, Mark C. “Changing the Flag: The Cloak of Newfoundland Registry for American Rum-Running, 1924-1934.” Newfoundland Studies 21 no. 1 (2006): 41-69.
Lefebvre, Andrew. “Prohibition and the Smuggling of Intoxication Liquors Between the two Saults.” Northern Mariner/Le Marin du Nord 11 no. 3 (2001): 33-40.
Marquis, Greg. “‘Brewers and Distillers Paradise:’ American Views of Canadian Alcohol Policies, 1919 to 1939.” Canadian Review of American Studies 34 no. 2 (2004): 135-166.
Moore, Stephen T. “Defining the ‘Undefended’: Canadians, Americans, and the Multiple Meanings of Border During Prohibition.” American Review of Canadian Studies 34 no. 1 (2004): 3-32.
Schaeffer, Scott. “The Legislative Rise and Populist Fall of the Eighteenth Amendment: Chicago and the Failure of Prohibition.” Journal of Law & Politics 26 no. 3 (2011): 385-424.
Siener, William H. “‘A Barricade of Ships, Guns, Airplanes, and Men’: Arming the Niagara Border, 1920-1930.” American Review of Canadian Studies 38 no. 4 (2008): 429-450.
Week 5 – February 23
Surviving the Depression
Allan, Blaine. “Canada’s Heritage (1939) and America’s The Plow the Broke the Plains (1936).” Historical Journal of Film, Radio & Television 19 no. 4 (1999): 439-472.
Doty, C. Stewart. “The American Identity of Louis Dantin: More Francophone American than Franco-American.” Canadian Review of American Studies 24 no. 3 (1994): 103-119.
Maclennan, Anne. “Women, Radio Broadcasting and the Depression: A ‘Captive’ Audience from Household Hints to Story Time and Serials.” Women’s Studies 37, no. 6 (2008): 616-633.
McFadden, Margaret T. “‘America’s Boy Friend Who Can’t Get a Date’: Gender, Race, and the Cultural Work of the Jack Benny Program, 1932-1946.” Journal of American History 80 (June 1993): 113-124.
Rader, Benjamin. “Compensatory Sport Heroes: Ruth, Grange, and Dempsey.” Journal of Popular Culture 16 (Spring 1983): 11-22.
Ress, Stella. “Bridging the Generation Gap: Little Orphan Annie in the Great Depression.” Journal of Popular Culture 43 no. 4 (2010): 782-800.
Vipond, Mary. “One Network or Two? French Language Programming on the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission, 1932-1936.” Canadian Historical Review 89, no. 3 (2008): 319-344.
In addition to the readings:
Mr. Smith Goes to Washington. Directed by Frank Capra. 1939. 130 mins.
Week 6 – March 1
The Culture War
Brégent-Heald, Dominique. “Big Spy Country: Film and the U.S.-Canada Borderlands During the Second World War.” 49th Parallel 29 (2012): 1-20.
—. “The Redcoat and the Ranger: Screening Bilateral Friendship in Cecil B. DeMille’s North West Mounted Police (1940).” American Review of Canadian Studies 38 no. 1 (2008): 43-61.
Cull, Nicholas J. “Reluctant Persuaders: Canadian Propaganda in the United States, 1939-45.” British Journal of Canadian Studies 14 no. 2 (1999): 207-222.
Curtis, Wayne. “Rum and Coca-Cola: The Murky Derivations of a Sweet Drink and a Sassy World War II Song.” American Scholar 75 no. 3 (2006): 64-70.
Lebovic, Sam. “‘A Breath from Home’: Soldier Entertainment and the Nationalist Politics of Pop Culture During World War II.” Journal of Social History 47 no. 2 (2013): 263-296.
Mazzenga, Maria. “The Home Front’s Cartoony Face: World War Two Through Orphan Annie’s Eyes.” Prospects 28 (2004): 429-463.
Moon, Krystyn R. “‘There’s no Yellow in the Red, White, and Blue’: The Creation of Anti-Japanese Music During World War II.” Pacific Historical Review 72 no. 3 (2003): 333-352.
In addition to the readings:
49th Parallel. Directed by Michael Powell. 123 minutes.
The Fighting Sullivans. Directed by Lloyd Bacon. 112 minutes.
The House I Live In. Directed by Mervyn LeRoy. 11 minutes.
Week 7 – March 8
Masseyism vs. McCarthyism
Alves, Teresa. “‘Some Enchanted Evening’ – Tuning in the Amazing Fifties, Switching Off the Elusive Decade.” American Studies International 39 no. 3 (2001): 25-40.
Carruthers, Susan. “‘The Manchurian Candidate (1962) and the Cold War Brainwashing Scare.” Historical Journal of Film, Radio & Television 18, no. 1 (1998): 75-94.
Davies, Ioan. “Theory and Creativity in English Canada: Magazines, the State, and Cultural Movement.” Journal of Canadian Studies 30, no. 1 (1995): 5-19.
Dussere, E. “Subversion in the Swamp: Pogo and the Folk in the McCarthy Era.” Journal of American Culture 26 no. 1 (2003): 134-141.
Jaillant, Lise. “Subversive Middlebrow: The Campaigns to Ban Kathleen Winsor’s Forever Amber in the US and Canada.” International Journal of Canadian Studies 48 (2014): 33-52.
Litt, Paul. “The Massey Commission, Americanization, and Canadian Cultural Nationalism.” Queen’s Quarterly 98, no. 2 (1991): 375-387.
Paikowsky, Sandra. “Constructing an Identity: The 1952 XXVI Biennale di Venezia and ‘The Projection of Canada Abroad.” Journal of Canadian Art History 20 no. 1/2 (1999): 130-177.
Piroth, Scott. “Popular Music and Identity in Quebec.” American Review of Canadian Studies 38 no. 2 (2008): 145-164.
Sbardellati, John and Tony Shaw. “Booting a Tramp: Charlie Chaplin, the FBI, and the Construction of Subversive Image in Red Scare America.” Pacific Historical Review 72 no. 4 (2003): 295-530.
In addition to the readings:
The Manchurian Candidate. Directed by John Frankenheimer. 126 minutes.
Week 8 – March 15
Week 9 – March 22 – Film Analysis Due
Conflicting Cultural Nationalisms
Edwardson, Ryan.“‘Of War Machines and Ghetto Scenes:’ English-Canadian Nationalism and the Guess Who’s ‘American Women.” American Review of Canadian Studies 33 no. 3 (2003): 339-356.
Francesconi, Robert. “Free Jazz and Black Nationalism: A Rhetoric of Musical Style.” Critical Studies in Mass Communication 3 no. 1 (1986): 36-49.
Jackson, David J. “Peace, Order, and Good Songs: Popular Music and English-Canadian Culture.” American Review of Canadian Studies 35 no. 1 (2005): 25-44.
Kooijman, Jaap. “Can’t Forget the Motor City: The Move of Motown From Detroit to Los Angeles.” European Contributions to American Studies 45 (January 2001): 214-224.
Mitchell, Gillian A.M. “Visions of Diversity: Cultural Pluralism and the Nation in the Folk Music Revival Movement of the United States and Canada, 1958-65.” Journal of American Studies 40 no. 3 (2006): 593-614.
Mitchell, Lee Clark. “Whose West is it Anyway? Or, What’s Myth Got to Do with It? The Role of ‘America’ in the Creation Myth of the West.” American Review of Canadian Studies 33 no. 4 (2003): 497-508.
Teo, Hus-Ming. “Space…The Final Frontier: American Nationalism and Mid-Twentieth-Century Visions of the Future.” Australasian Journal of American Studies 13 no. 1 (1994): 27-44.
White, Jerry. “Recovering Quebec Culture: The Feature Films of Bernard Émond.” American Review of Canadian Studies 43 no. 2 (2013): 204-217.
Wright, Robert A. “Dream, Comfort, Memory, Despair”: Canadian Popular Music and the Dilemma of Nationalism, 1968-1972.” Journal of Canadian Studies 22 no. 3 (1987): 27-43.
In addition to the readings:
2001: A Space Odyssey. Directed by Stanley Kubrick. 1968. 148 mins.
Song to a Seagull. Joni Mitchell. 1968.
The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance. Directed by John Ford. 123 minutes.
Week 10 – March 29
Culture in Conflict
Jenkins, Tricia. “Feminism, Nationalism, and the 1960s’ Slender Spies: A Look at Get Smart and the Girl from U.N.C.L.E.” Journal of Popular Film & Television 43, no 1 (2015): 14-27.
Levine, Andrea. “Sidney Poitier’s Civil Rights: Rewriting the Mystique of White Womanhood in Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner and In the Heat of the Night.” American Literature 73 no. 2 (2001): 365-386.
Mantler, Gordon. “‘The Press Did You In:’ the Poor People’s Campaign and the Mass Media.” Sixties: A Journal of History, Politics & Culture 3 (June 2010): 33-54.
Narvaez, Peter. “From New York City Down to the Gulf of Mexico: Highway 61 in African-American Blues, Bob Dylan’s Songs, and Canadian Film.” New York Folklore 22, no. 1-4 (1996): 1-36.
Oriard, Michael. “Muhammad Ali: The Hero in the Age of Mass Media.” In Muhammad Ali: The People’s Champ, ed. Elliott J. Gorn. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1995, 5-23.
Robertson, Richard. “New Directions in Westerns of the 1960s and 70s.” Journal of the West 22 (October 1983): 43-52.
Shayla, Thiel-Stern, Sharon R. Mazzarella, and Rebecca C. Hains. “‘We Didn’t Have Adventures Like That’: The Lure of Adventure Stories and Courageous Females for Girls Growing Up in the United States During the Mid-20th Century.” Journal of Communication Inquiry 38 no. 2 (2014): 131-148.
All in the Family. Season 2 Episode 21 “Sammy’s Visit” Original Airdate February 19, 1972.
Dick Van Dyck Show, Season 3, Episode 1 “That’s My Boy” Original Airdate September 25, 1963.
The Beatles (Also known as the White Album). The Beatles. 1968.
The Littlest Hobo. Season 1 Episode 1 “Blue Water Sailor” Original Airdate September 24, 1963.
Week 11 – April 5
Imports and Exports
Conway, Kyle. “Heading South to Make it Big: The American Success of Canada’s You Can’t Do That on Television.” American Review of Canadian Studies 35 no. 1 (2005): 45-65.
Corse, Sarah M. “Nations and Novels: Cultural Politics and Literary Use.” Social Forces 73 no. 4 (1995): 1279-1308.
Daniels, Bruce C. “Younger British Siblings: Canada and Australia Grow Up in the Shadow of the United States.” American Studies International 36 no. 3 (1998): 17-39.
Holman, Andrew C. “The Canadian Hockey Player Problem: Cultural Reckoning and National Identities in American Collegiate Sport, 1947-1980.” Canadian Historical Review 88 no. 3 (2007): 439-468.
Maule, Christopher. “State of the Canada-US Relationship: Culture.” American Review of Canadian Studies 33 no. 1 (2003): 121-132.
Weeks, Eric. “Where is There? The Canadianization of the American Media Landscape.” International Journal of Canadian Studies 39/40 (March 2009): 83-107.
Zemans, Joyce. “And the Lion Shall Lie Down with the Lamb: U.S.-Canada Cultural Relations in a Free Trade Environment.” American Review of Canadian Studies 24 no. 4 (1994): 509-536.
In addition to the readings:
Animal House. Directed by John Landis. 109 minutes.
Porky’s. Directed by Bob Clark. 99 minutes.
Waking Up the Neighbours. Bryan Adams. 1991.
Week 12 – April 12
Do I Know You?
Baker, Richard G. “‘Catnip for Cranks’: Depictions of Canadian Threat in U.S. Conservative News Commentary.” American Review of Canadian Studies 43 no. 3 (2013): 358-376.
Beaudreau, Sylvie. “The Changing Face of Canada: Images of Canada in National Geographic.” American Review of Canadian Studies 32 no. 4 (2002): 517-546.
Ferguson, Marjorie. “Invisible Divides: Communication and Identity in Canada and the U.S.” Journal of Communication 43 no. 2 (1993): 42-57.
Katerberg, William H. “A Northern Vision: Frontiers and the West in the Canadian and American Imagination.” American Review of Canadian Studies 33 no. 4 (2003): 543-563.
Kleitches, Larry. “Redirecting the Puck: Cultural Misinformation about Texas Reflected in Attitudes about Hockey and Film and Television Portrayals.” Journal of the American Studies Association of Texas 43 (November 2012): 29-36.
Schwartz, Mallory. “Like ‘Us’ or ‘Them’? Perceptions of the United States on the CBC-TV National News Service in the 1960s.” Journal of Canadian Studies 44 no. 3 (2010): 118-153.
Soderlund, Walter C. and Ronald H. Wagenberg. “Cheerleader or Critic? Television News Coverage in Canada and the United States of the U.S. Invasion of Panama.” Canadian Journal of Political Science 27 no. 3 581-604.
Williams, David L. “Prairies and Plains: The Levelling of Difference in Stegner’s Wolf Willow.” American Review of Canadian Studies 33 no. 4 (2003): 607-616.
In addition to the readings:
Talking to Americans, The Special. Originally Aired April 1, 2001. CBC Television.
“The Bart Wants What it Wants.” The Simpsons Season 13 Episode 11. Originally Aired February 17, 2002.
Week 13 – April 19 – Television Analysis Due
What about Appropriation?
Brégent-Heald, Dominique. “Primitive Encounters: Film and Tourism in the North American West.” Western Historical Quarterly 38 no. 1 (2007): 47-67.
Buken, Gulriz. “Construction of the Mythic Indian in Mainstream Media and the Demystification of the Stereotype by American Indian Artists.” American Studies International 40 no. 3 (2002): 46-56.
Clapperton, Jonathan. “Naturalizing Race Relations: Conservation, Colonialism, and Spectacle at the Banff Indian Days.” Canadian Historical Review 94 no. 3 (2013): 349-379.
Holmes, Kristy, A. “Imagining and Visualizing ‘Indianness’ in Trudeauvian Canada: Joyce Wieland’s The Far Shore and True Patriot Love.” Revue d’art Canadienne/Canadian Art Review 35, no. 2 (2010): 47-64.
Fitzgerald, Michael Ray. “The White Savior and his Junior Partner: The Lone Ranger and Tonto on Cold War Television (1949-1957).” Journal of Popular Culture 46 no. 1 (2013): 79-108.
Tahmahkera, Dustin. “Custer’s Last Sitcom: Decolonized Viewing of the Sitcom’s ‘Indian.’” American Indian Quarterly 32 no. 3 (2008): 324-351.
Ware, Amy M. “Unexpected Cowboy, Unexpected Indian: The Case of Will Rogers.” Ethnohistory 56 no. 1 (2009): 1-34.
In addition to the readings:
Dance Me Outside. Directed by Bruce McDonald. 84 minutes.
Dances With Wolves. Directed by Kevin Costner. 181 minutes.
They Rode West. Directed by Phil Karlson. 84 minutes.
Week 14 – April 26
The Nation in the Nineties
Grem, Darren E. “‘The South Got Something to Say’: Atlanta’s Dirty South and the Southernization of Hip-Hop America.” Southern Cultures 12 no. 4 (2006): 55-73.
Jones, Katharine W. “‘I’ve Called ‘em Tom-ah-toes All My Life and I’m not Going to Change!’: Maintaining Linguistic Control Over English Identity in the U.S.” Social Forces 79 no. 3 (2001): 1061-1094.
Lott, Eric. “National Treasure, Global Value, and American Literary Studies.” American Literary History 20 no. 1/2 (2008): 108-123.
MacGregor, Robert M. “I Am Canadian: National Identity in Beer Commercials.” Journal of Popular Culture 37 no. 2 (2003): 276-286.
Magee, Sara. “High School is Hell: The TV Legacy of Beverly Hills, 90210, and Buffy the Vampire Slayer.” Journal of Popular Culture 47 no. 4 (2014): 877-894.
Millard, Gregory, Sarah Riegel, John Wright. “Here’s Where we get Canadian: English-Canadian Nationalism and Popular Culture.” American Review of Canadian Studies 32 no. 1 (2002): 24-34.
Morgan, Marcyliena. “Hip-Hop Women Shredding the Veil: Race and Class in Popular Feminist Identiy.” South Atlantic Quarterly 104 no. 3 (2005): 425-444.
Morris, Narrelle. “Paradigm Paranoia: Images of Japan and the Japanese in American Popular Fiction of the Early 1990s.” Japanese Studies 21 no. 1 (2001): 45-59.
Pevere, Georff. “Requiem for a Northern Dream: On Canada, Pop Culture and a Gunslinger’s Sunset.” Journal of Canadian Studies 35 no. 3 (2000): 262-267.
Rukszto, Katarzyna. “The Other Heritage Minutes: Satirical Reactions to Canadian Nationalism.” Topia (York University) 14 (Fall 2005): 73-91.
National Treasure. Directed by Jon Turteltaub. 130 minutes.
Trouble at the Henhouse. The Tragically Hip. 1997.